The commitment to reduce the environmental impact of end-of-life vehicles (ELVs) starts in the concept and design phase, through the selection of easily recyclable components, and continues every step of the way, from the remanufacturing of worn components (cores), to providing customer assistance in the scrapping of products that are no longer serviceable, but whose parts are suitable for remanufacturing.
MAIN MATERIALS USED
|Material type||Renewable material||Non-renewable materiala||Recoverable material||Purchased from external suppliersb|
(a) As per GRI standards, non-renewable materials are resources that do not renew in short time periods, such as minerals, metals, oil, gas, or coal.
(b) CNH Industrial does not always purchase raw materials directly (see also page 153).<
(c) The actual level of recyclability depends on contingent factors such as the technologies available in a given country, chemical compatibility, and composition details.
In Europe, for all new type-approved models, the European Directive 2005/64/EC (on Reusability, Recyclability, Recoverability) sets minimum levels of recoverability (95%) and recyclability (85%).
In July 2010, these regulations were extended to light commercial vehicles, hence including some of the Iveco product range. CNH Industrial monitors and optimizes recoverability and recyclability levels through the International Material Data System (IMDS, see also page 161), a database containing information on the composition of suppliers’ products.
In 2014, the first product Life Cycle Assessments performed (see also page 146) provided data on exact material composition and percentage breakdown, as well as an estimate of recyclability rates for each material.
As regards the F1 engine, the recoverability rate is 95% of the total weight, in line with the minimum requirements of Directive 2000/53. It is, however, a conservative figure considering FPT Industrial’s environmental policies, which favor the use of materials and design solutions enabling the production of components suitable for disassembly and remanufacturing.
COMPOSITION OF F1C ENGINE
CNH INDUSTRIAL WORLDWIDE
One of the main tools employed within the scope of the Ecoconception project (see also page 146) was the IMDS, used by the suppliers of Iveco Astra (by some for the first time) to collect comprehensive data on vehicle composition. This data enabled the brand to assess, from a green procurement perspective, the level of conformity of the vehicles involved with the regulations in force for light vehicles, particularly Directive 2000/53/CE with regard to the ban on heavy metals, and Directive 2005/64/CE on vehicle reusability, recyclability, and recoverability.
The IMDS database was also used to identify any Substances of Very High Concern, thus helping to achieve compliance with the REACH Regulation in terms of reporting obligations (Art. 33) and substance authorization and restriction requirements (annex XIV and annex XVII). During the year, suppliers were directly involved in a specific project devised to focus on substances on the Authorization List with a sunset date in 2015, and on vehicle recyclability and recoverability. The calculation method provided by Directive 2005/64/CE to determine the recyclability of light vehicles was simplified and applied to heavy vehicles, resulting in a recoverability rate of approximately 93%.
COMPOSITION OF IVECO ASTRA HEAVY DUTY TRUCK
(PERCENTAGE OF TOTAL VEHICLE WEIGHT)
The New Daily has already reached and exceeded a 95% recoverability rate. Furthermore, thanks to an agreement with Fiat Chrysler Automobiles, its end-of-life in Italy is handled through a network of approximately three hundred authorized agents, duly trained to recycle metals and separate polymers into different categories.
The list of authorized dismantling agents is available on the Iveco website.
COMPOSITION OF IVECO DAILY CAB BY MATERIALa
(PERCENTAGE OF TOTAL VEHICLE WEIGHT)
(a) Data refers to average values for Iveco’s New Daily launched in 2014, as per European Directive 2005/64/EC.
PERCENTAGE OF RAW MATERIALS RECYCLEDa
IVECO NEW DAILY (% OF TOTAL RAW MATERIAL USED)
Moreover, all of the Euro V Heuliez buses still manufactured in Rorthais (France) have stainless steel frames and composite panels. The lightness of these materials allows saving fuel, which reduces pollution. Furthermore, a recyclable material such as stainless steel allows limiting the use of solvents, while the adoption of composite panels, identified on the production line by standardized labeling, facilitates sorting and recycling when the product reaches its end of life.
According to ISO 22628 standards, the bus has a recyclability rate of 88% and a recoverability rate of 94%.